“If anyone says that the Son made flesh was not in heaven with the Father while He was on earth: he is a heretic.”—Pope St. Damasus I

Jesus is Almighty God

For unto us a child is born, and unto us a son is given. And leadership is placed upon his shoulder. And his name shall be called: wonderful Counselor, mighty God, father of the future age, Prince of Peace. (Isaiah 9:6)

Thomas responded and said to him, “My Lord and my God.” (John 20:28)

Take care of yourselves and of the entire flock, over which the Holy Spirit has stationed you as Bishops to rule the Church of God, which he has purchased by his own blood. (Acts 20:28)

For this understanding in you was also in Christ Jesus: who, though he was in the form of God, did not consider equality with God something to be seized. Instead, he emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of men, and accepting the state of a man. He humbled himself, becoming obedient even unto death, even the death of the Cross. (Philippians 2:5-8)

See to it that no one deceives you through philosophy and empty falsehoods, as found in the traditions of men, in accord with the influences of the world, and not in accord with Christ. For in him, all the fullness of the Divine Nature dwells bodily. And in him, you have been filled; for he is the head of all principality and power. (Colossians 2:8-10)

“The Father is in me, and I am in the Father”

I and the Father are one.” (John 10:30)

If I do not do the works of my Father, do not believe in me. But if I do them, even if you are not willing to believe in me, believe the works, so that you may know and believe that the Father is in me, and I am in the Father.” (John 10:37-38)

Jesus said to him: “I am the Way, and the Truth, and the Life. No one comes to the Father, except through me. If you had known me, certainly you would also have known my Father. And from now on, you shall know him, and you have seen him.” Philip said to him, “Lord, reveal the Father to us, and it is enough for us.” Jesus said to him: “Have I been with you for so long, and you have not known me? Philip, whoever sees me, also sees the Father. How can you say, ‘Reveal the Father to us?’ Do you not believe that I am in the Father and the Father is in me? The words that I am speaking to you, I do not speak from myself. But the Father abiding in me, he does these works. (John 14:6-10)

“Before Abraham was made, I am”

And he said: “Let us make Man to our image and likeness. And let him rule over the fish of the sea, and the flying creatures of the air, and the wild beasts, and the entire earth, and every animal that moves on the earth.” (Genesis 1:26)

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and God was the Word. (John 1:1)

And the Word became flesh, and he lived among us, and we saw his glory, glory like that of an only-begotten son from the Father, full of grace and truth. (John 1:14)

Amen, amen, I say to you, that we speak about what we know, and we testify about what we have seen. But you do not accept our testimony. (John 3:11)

Jesus said to them, “Amen, amen, I say to you, before Abraham was made, I am.” (John 8:58)

“I am the First and the Last”

Thus says the Lord, the King and Redeemer of Israel, the Lord of hosts: I am the first, and I am the last, and there is no God apart from me. (Isaiah 44:6)

“I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End,” says the Lord God, who is, and who was, and who is to come, the Almighty. (Revelation 1:8)

And when I had seen him, I fell at his feet, like one who is dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying: “Do not be afraid. I am the First and the Last. And I am alive, though I was dead. And, behold, I live forever and ever. And I hold the keys of death and of Hell. (Revelation 1:17-18)


The dogma of the Holy Trinity

The Trinity is One. We do not confess three Gods, but one God in three persons, the "consubstantial Trinity". The divine persons do not share the one divinity among themselves but each of them is God whole and entire: "The Father is that which the Son is, the Son that which the Father is, the Father and the Son that which the Holy Spirit is, i.e. by nature one God." In the words of the Fourth Lateran Council (1215), "Each of the persons is that supreme reality, viz., the divine substance, essence or nature."

The divine persons are really distinct from one another. "God is one but not solitary." "Father", "Son", "Holy Spirit" are not simply names designating modalities of the divine being, for they are really distinct from one another: "He is not the Father who is the Son, nor is the Son he who is the Father, nor is the Holy Spirit he who is the Father or the Son." They are distinct from one another in their relations of origin: "It is the Father who generates, the Son who is begotten, and the Holy Spirit who proceeds." The divine Unity is Triune.

The divine persons are relative to one another. Because it does not divide the divine unity, the real distinction of the persons from one another resides solely in the relationships which relate them to one another: "In the relational names of the persons the Father is related to the Son, the Son to the Father, and the Holy Spirit to both. While they are called three persons in view of their relations, we believe in one nature or substance." Indeed "everything (in them) is one where there is no opposition of relationship." "Because of that unity the Father is wholly in the Son and wholly in the Holy Spirit; the Son is wholly in the Father and wholly in the Holy Spirit; the Holy Spirit is wholly in the Father and wholly in the Son."

(CCC 253-255)


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